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Dehalogenase producing bacteria from extreme environment: A review

Ismail, Siti Nurul Fasehah and Shah, Arman and Edbeib, Mohamed Faraj and Adamu, Aliyu and Aliyu, Firdausi and Abdul Wahab, Roswanira and Huyop, Fahrul (2018) Dehalogenase producing bacteria from extreme environment: A review. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 14 (5). pp. 424-434. ISSN 2231-7538

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21161/mjm.113217

Abstract

Halogenated compounds create the most important class of xenobiotic which commonly lead to pollution. Some of these compounds are very toxic and cause enormous problems to human health and to the environment. Many of these toxic chemicals have been shown to occur in various extreme habitats. Pollutant-degrading microorganisms, adapted to grow in various environments, play an important role in the biological treatment of polluted extreme habitats. The presence of dehalogenase producing microorganisms in extreme habitat in particular is necessary since the enzyme can catalyze the removal of a halogen atom from a substrate. Therefore, it can reduce the toxicity of the halogenated compound and some are of interest for study in industrial application. Thermophiles, psychrophiles, acidophiles, alkaliphiles and halophiles are types of extremophiles. Knowledge of the biodegradation of toxic chemicals in extreme environment is limited. Here, examples of dehalogenase producing bacteria isolated from various extreme conditions and its special characteristics/features will be discussed in this review.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dehalogenase, environment, extremophiles, halogenated compound
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:85694
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:20 Jul 2020 09:25
Last Modified:20 Jul 2020 09:25

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