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Impacts of different drying strategies on drying characteristics, the retention of bio-active ingredient and colour changes of dried Roselle

Tham, Thing Chai and Ng, Mei Xiang and Gan, Shu Hui and Lee, Suan Chua and Abdul Aziz, Ramlan and Chuah, Luqman Abdullah and Ong, Sze Pheng and Chin, Nyuk Ling and Law, Chung L. (2018) Impacts of different drying strategies on drying characteristics, the retention of bio-active ingredient and colour changes of dried Roselle. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 26 (2). pp. 303-316. ISSN 1004-9541

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2017.05.011

Abstract

The drying kinetics of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) of variety Terengganu (UMKL-1) and the quality attribution of Roselle were studied. The experiments were conducted using four different drying methods, including solar greenhouse drying (SD), solar greenhouse with intermittent heat pump drying (SIHP), hot air drying (HA) and heat pump drying (HP). Among the four drying methods, HP achieved the highest drying rate at a range from 0.054 g H2O·(g DM)− 1·min− 1 to 0.212 g H2O·(g DM)− 1·min− 1 while SD had the lowest drying rate, measured at 0.042 g H2O·(g DM)− 1·min− 1. The analysis on colour kinetics revealed that there is no significant colour loss (p > 0.05) observed from HP's dried Roselle. Greater amount of flavonoid compounds i.e. protocatechuic acid was found in SD and SIHP dried finished product whereas HP's dried Roselle contains higher percentage of catechin as compared to other drying methods.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Catechin, Drying
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:85664
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:07 Jul 2020 13:16
Last Modified:07 Jul 2020 13:16

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