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Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles-peanut shell composite for catalytic reduction of methyl blue

Kamaludin, Fazleen and Shamsuddin, Mustaffa and Borhamdin, Suhaila (2020) Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles-peanut shell composite for catalytic reduction of methyl blue. Malaysian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 16 (2). pp. 252-257. ISSN 2289-5981

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Official URL: https://mjfas.utm.my/index.php/mjfas/article/view/...

Abstract

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been recognized as an active and effective catalyst for many organic transformations. Currently, there is a growing need to develop AuNPs synthesis process that avoids the use of toxic chemicals or high energy requirements. In this research, the aqueous Phaleria macrocarpa (Mahkota dewa) dried fruit extract was used in the biosynthesis of AuNPs immobilized on peanut shell powder. The peanut shell supported AuNPs were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), Nitrogen (N2) adsorption-desorption and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) techniques. The biosynthesized AuNPs were characterized by the appearance of a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band at 534 nm in the UV-Vis spectrum. The XRD, TEM and TGA analytical data of AuNPs/Peanut shell composite indicated that the AuNPs with face-centered cubic (fcc) crystalline shape, mostly spherical and average particle size of 20.00 ± 4.19 nm were well dispersed on the peanut shell powder support. The FTIR analysis suggested that the C=O and OnH groups in the peanut shell powder have a strong affinity to bind and stabilize the AuNPs. The BET surface area of the AuNPs/Peanut shell composite catalyst determined is 35.39 m2 g-1 while the BJH pore volume is 0.035 cm3 g-1 with a pore diameter of 2.07 nm. AAS elemental analytical data showed the Au loading is 0.03 mmol per gram of catalyst. The catalytic performance of the AuNPs/Peanut shell composite was investigated for the reduction of aqueous methyl blue (MB) at room temperature. The reduction of MB obeyed a pseudo-first-order reaction with the highest rate constant of 0.124 min-1. The supported AuNPs/Peanut shell composite catalyst could be easily recovered and reused for at least three times without significant loss of activity.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biosynthesis, gold nanoparticles, Phaleria macrocarpa, peanut shell, methyl blue
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Science
ID Code:85598
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:30 Jun 2020 16:54
Last Modified:30 Jun 2020 16:54

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