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Reduction of CO2 emission by INCAM model in Malaysia biomass power plants during the year 2016

Saidina Amin, Nor Aishah and Kiakalaieh, Amin Talebian (2018) Reduction of CO2 emission by INCAM model in Malaysia biomass power plants during the year 2016. Waste Management, 73 . pp. 256-264. ISSN 0956-053X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.11.019

Abstract

As the world's second largest palm oil producer and exporter, Malaysia could capitalize on its oil palm biomass waste for power generation. The emission factors from this renewable energy source are far lower than that of fossil fuels. This study applies an integrated carbon accounting and mitigation (INCAM) model to calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from two biomass thermal power plants. The CO2 emissions released from biomass plants utilizing empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill effluent (POME), as alternative fuels for powering steam and gas turbines, were determined using the INCAM model. Each section emitting CO2 in the power plant, known as the carbon accounting center (CAC), was measured for its carbon profile (CP) and carbon index (CI). The carbon performance indicator (CPI) included electricity, fuel and water consumption, solid waste and waste-water generation. The carbon emission index (CEI) and carbon emission profile (CEP), based on the total monthly carbon production, were determined across the CPI. Various innovative strategies resulted in a 20%–90% reduction of CO2 emissions. The implementation of reduction strategies significantly reduced the CO2 emission levels. Based on the model, utilization of EFB and POME in the facilities could significantly reduce the CO2 emissions and increase the potential for waste to energy initiatives.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biomass, Carbon emission
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:85528
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Jun 2020 16:50
Last Modified:30 Jun 2020 16:50

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