Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

A robust parameter estimation of FHSS signals using time-frequency analysis in a non-cooperative environment

Kanaa, Abdulrahman and Sha'ameri, Ahmad Zuri (2018) A robust parameter estimation of FHSS signals using time-frequency analysis in a non-cooperative environment. Physical Communication, 26 . pp. 9-20. ISSN 1874-4907

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phycom.2017.10.013


Frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) signals are widely implemented in both modern civilian and military applications. They are robust to channel impairments because of their low probability of interception. For applications that require the interception of FHSS signals, the signal parameters such as the hopping frequencies, hopping duration and hopping sequence should be accurately measured. In this paper, an accurate FHSS signal parameter estimation method is proposed based on quadratic time–frequency distributions (QTFDs). The extended modified B-distribution (EMBD) and the adaptive smoothed Wigner–Ville (SWWVD) are used which have the properties of high time–frequency resolution. The adaptive SWWVD requires no prior knowledge of the signal parameters since the kernel parameters are estimated from the signal characteristics and are compared to the EMBD which operates at the optimal kernel parameters. The proposed instantaneous frequency (IF) estimate method is compared to the time–frequency (TF) moments method and benchmarked with the Cramer–Rao lower bounds (CRLBs). The computational complexity of the IF estimation method is reduced by a factor of five compared to the TF moments method. Furthermore, the results show that the IF estimation method outperforms moments method where the mean-squared error (MSE) of the hopping frequencies estimate meets at minimum SNR of −3 dB and the hopping duration estimate MSE meets the CRLB at SNR of 0 dB.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:robust, FHSS signals
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:85473
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Jun 2020 16:45
Last Modified:30 Jun 2020 16:45

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