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Molecular dynamics simulations suggest changes in electrostatic interactions as a potential mechanism through which serine phosphorylation inhibits DNA polymerase β activity

Homouz, Dirar and Tan, Joyce Kwee Hong and Shamsir, Mohd. Shahir and Moustafa, Ibrahim M. and Idriss, Haitham T. (2018) Molecular dynamics simulations suggest changes in electrostatic interactions as a potential mechanism through which serine phosphorylation inhibits DNA polymerase β activity. Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling, 84 . pp. 236-241. ISSN 1093-3263

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmgm.2018.08.007

Abstract

DNA polymerase β is a 39 kDa enzyme that is a major component of Base Excision Repair in human cells. The enzyme comprises two major domains, a 31 kDa domain responsible for the polymerase activity and an 8 kDa domain, which bind ssDNA and has a deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) lyase activity. DNA polymerase β was shown to be phosphorylated in vitro with protein kinase C (PKC) at serines 44 and 55 (S44 and S55), resulting in loss of its polymerase enzymic activity, but not its ability to bind ssDNA. In this study, we investigate the potential phosphorylation-induced structural changes for DNA polymerase β using molecular dynamics simulations. The simulations show drastic conformational changes of the polymerase structure as a result of S44 phosphorylation. Phosphorylation-induced conformational changes transform the closed (active) enzyme structure into an open one. Further analysis of the results points to a key hydrogen bond and newly formed salt bridges as potential drivers of these structural fluctuations. The changes observed with S55/44 and S55 phosphorylation were less dramatic and the integrity of the H-bond was not compromised. Thus the phosphorylation of S44 is the major contributor to structural fluctuations that lead to loss of enzymatic activity.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:base excision repairs, conformational change, enzymatic activities, molecular dynamics simulations
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Biosciences and Bioengineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:85466
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:30 Jun 2020 16:56
Last Modified:30 Jun 2020 16:56

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