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Impact of communication delay on distributed load frequency control (dis-LFC) in multi-area power system (MAPS)

Imam, Auwal Mustapha and Chaudhary, Kashif and Kunya, Abdullahi Bala and Rizvi, Zuhaib and Ali, Jalil (2019) Impact of communication delay on distributed load frequency control (dis-LFC) in multi-area power system (MAPS). Malaysian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 15 (4). pp. 626-632. ISSN 2289-5981


Official URL: https://mjfas.utm.my/index.php/mjfas/article/downl...


In this paper, impact of communication delay on distributed load frequency control (dis-LFC) of multi-area interconnected power system (MAIPS) is investigated. Load frequency control (LFC), as one of ancillary services, is aimed at maintaining system frequency and inter-area tie-line power close to the scheduled values, by load reference set-point manipulation and consideration of the system constraints. Centralized LFC (cen-LFC) requires inherent communication bandwidth limitations, stability and computational complexity, as such, it is not a good technique for the control of large-scale and geographically wide power systems. To decrease the system dimensionality and increase performance efficiency, distributed and decentralized control techniques are adopted. In distributed LFC (dis-LFC) of MAIPS, each control area (CA) is equipped with a local controller and are made to exchange their control actions by communication with controllers in the neighboring areas. The delay in this communication can affect the performance of the LFC scheme and in a worst case deteriorates power system stability. To investigate the impact of this delay, model predictive controller (MPC) is employed in the presence of constraints and external disturbances to serve as LFC tracking control. The scheme discretizes the system and solves an on-line optimization at each time sample. The system is subjected to communication delay between the CAs, and the response to the step load perturbation with and without the delay. Time-based simulations were used on a three-area MAIPS in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment to verify the investigations. The overshoot and settling time in the results reveals deterioration of the control performance with delay. Also, the dis-LFC led to zero steady states errors for frequency deviations and enhanced the MAIPS’ performance. With this achievement, MPC proved its constraints handling capability, online rolling optimization and ability to predict future behavior of systems.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Control Area (CA), communication delay, LFC, MPC, MAIPS
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:85036
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:29 Feb 2020 13:24
Last Modified:29 Feb 2020 13:24

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