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Multi-temporal modis for detection and published literatures for validation of algal blooms in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia

Hossain, Mohammad Shawkat and Hashim, Mazlan and Muslim, Aidy Mohamed (2019) Multi-temporal modis for detection and published literatures for validation of algal blooms in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia. Jurnal Teknologi, 81 (3). pp. 159-167. ISSN 2180-3722


Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.11113/jt.v81.12944


The coastal region of Sabah, Malaysia is mostly affected by harmful algal blooms (HABs) that often cause massive fish kills, and sometimes human casualties. Lack of a well-agreed, transparent and reproducible method, aperiodic nature and limited (technical) ability to monitor HAB at large regional scale, have all led to reinforced methodological improvement for bloom prediction, scientific management of coastal water resources, and regulatory attention. MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), one of the well validated ocean colour sensors, enables acquiring high spectral resolution images, with short revisit time, freely accessible, and bay-wide coverage. Yet, the relative efficiency of MODIS-derived Chl-a (Chlorophyll-a), ABI (Algal Bloom Index), and nFLH (normalized Fluorescence Line Height) have not been compared in coastal regions of Malaysia. Fifteen MODIS Level 2 images acquired between 2005 and 2013 were considered as time series data that matched HAB events mentioned in previous studies. As historical real time in-situ data collection is often difficult (inaccessible), and thus unavailable; this project had to validate results obtained from literature, assuming that in-situ, would indicate HAB location at least during MODIS acquisition dates. Variations of HAB affected areas with temporal and spatial scales derived from bloom indices are shown in colour maps. Reliability of bloom information was measured by subjectively comparing HAB results provided by indices, and previously published in-situ results. ABI outperformed Chl-a and nFLH indices based on comparisons in both normal and HAB conditions occurring in the coastal waters of Sabah and Sarawak. The configuration and reliability retrieved from MODIS-ABI allowed their application in different likely tropical region as automated HAB monitoring systems and coastal water management programmes.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Harmful phytoplankton bloom, MODIS, Chlorophyll-a, Algal Bloom Index, normalised Fluorescence Line Height, Malaysia
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:84760
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:27 Feb 2020 12:59
Last Modified:27 Feb 2020 12:59

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