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Optimization of the ionic liquid-microwave assisted one-step biodiesel production process from wet microalgal biomass

Wahidin, Suzana and Idris, Ani and Mohd. Yusof, Noordin and Kamis, Nor Hisham and Muhamad Shaleh, Sitti Raehanah (2018) Optimization of the ionic liquid-microwave assisted one-step biodiesel production process from wet microalgal biomass. Energy Conversion and Management, 171 . pp. 1397-1404. ISSN 0196-8904

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.06.083

Abstract

This study illustrates the influence of ionic liquid (IL)-microwave heating on the direct transesterification (in-situ transesterification) of wet Nannochloropsis sp. biomass to biodiesel. The ionic liquid used was 1-ethyl-3-methylimmidazolium methyl sulphate [EMIM][MeSO4]. Direct transesterification process variables such as the wet algae to methanol ratio, reaction time and methanol to IL ratio influencing the biodiesel production were optimised using response surface methodology (RSM). The results revealed that the maximum biodiesel yield (40.9%) was achieved when the ratio of wet algae to methanol (wt/vol) was kept at 1:4, methanol:IL ratio maintained at 1:0.5 at reaction time of 25 min. The FAMEs composition depicted a high content of unsaturated FAMEs suitable for biodiesel production. The synergetic effect of combining IL-methanol solvent and microwave heating at optimised reaction conditions enabled the production of an incredibly high biodiesel yield per dry biomass of 42.22%.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biodiesel, Ionic liquid
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:84735
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:27 Feb 2020 12:53
Last Modified:27 Feb 2020 12:53

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