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Zwitterion embedded thin film composite membrane for oily wastewater treatment

Lee, W. J. and Goh, Pei Sean and Lau, Woei Jye and Ong, Chi Siang and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2018) Zwitterion embedded thin film composite membrane for oily wastewater treatment. International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, 31 (8). pp. 1464-1472. ISSN 1728-144X

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Abstract

Recent development in oil and gas industry increases the production and consumption of oil. The enormous amount of oily wastewater produced is urged to be treated, in order to prevent humanity and environment from being threatened. Membrane technology is an appealing alternative for oily wastewater treatment due to its design simplicity, energy efficiency and gentle environmental approach. In this study, a poly[3-(N-2-methacryloylxyethyl-N,N-dimethyl)-ammonatopropanesulfonate] (PMAPS) incorporated thin film composite (TFC) membrane with excellent anti-fouling properties was fabricated for oil removal from oily wastewater through forward osmosis process. PMAPS was blended with the polyethersulfone (PES) dope solution and casted into PES support layer. The TFC was fabricated via interfacial polymerization (IP) technique to form a thin film polyamide (PA) layer a top of a PES support layer. The PMAPS incorporated TFC membranes has been characterized for their morphology, surface hydrophilicity and charges. The incorporation of PMAPS was compatible with the PES polymer matrix hence lead to defect-free thin film formation. Prior to the hydrophilicity of PMAPS, the resultant 1% PMAPS-TFC membrane exhibited a high water flux of 15.12±0.3 L/m 2 .h and oil flux <0.1±0.08 g/m 2 .h, reverse salt flux of 3.93±0.4 L/m 2 .h under Forward osmosis (FO) mode using emulsified oily solution as feed solution and 2M NaCl as draw solution using active layer-feed solution (AL-FS) orientation. A 99% of oil rejection was obtained. Also, PMAPS incorporated TFC membrane was able to outperform neat TFC membrane with lower fouling propensity for oily waste treatment.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:forward osmosis, oily wastewater, thin film composite membrane, Zwitterion
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:84691
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:27 Feb 2020 12:53
Last Modified:27 Feb 2020 12:53

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