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Diesel engine emission analysis using fuel from diverse emulsification methods

Sugeng, Dhani Avianto and Yahya, Wira Jazair and Ithnin, Ahmad Muhsin and Abdul Rashid, Muhammad Adib and Mohd. Syahril Amri, Nur Salsabilla and Abd. Kadir, Hasannuddin and Abdul Halim, Mohd. Naim (2018) Diesel engine emission analysis using fuel from diverse emulsification methods. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25 (27). pp. 27214-27224. ISSN 0944-1344

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2760-1

Abstract

The focus of this work is to investigate the emission characteristics of a stationary diesel engine while utilizing an emulsion fuel from a novel preparation process. The emulsion preparation was performed in real time without using any surfactant. Instead of mechanically breaking the water down into droplets, the water is delivered thermally, by changing its phase from gas to liquid. Steam is used in this proposed process, where it will be converted into suspended water droplets once it meets colder diesel. The product is called steam-generated water-in-diesel emulsion fuel (S/D). The method is expected to reduce the moving components of a previous surfactant-less system; therefore, reducing costs and increasing the system reliability. The emission characteristics of S/D were compared with EURO 2 diesel (D2), and a conventional emulsion denoted as E10. E10 was prepared using 10% water (volumetric) and SPAN80 as a surfactant. The emission characterizations were carried out based on the exhaust gas of a single cylinder naturally aspirated CI engine fueled with D2, S/D, and E10. Compared to D2, both emulsions significantly reduced the emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) (E10 max ↓58.0%, S/D max ↓40.0%) and particulate matter (PM) (E10 max ↓20.0%, S/D max ↓57.0%).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:emission analysis, NOx and PM reduction, steam-generated water-in-diesel emulsion fuel
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology
ID Code:84495
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:11 Jan 2020 15:31
Last Modified:11 Jan 2020 15:31

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