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New composites based on low-density polyethylene and rice husk: elemental and thermal characteristics

Anshar, Muhammad and Tahir, Dahlang and Makhrani, Makhrani and Ani, Farid Nasir and Kader, Ab. Saman (2018) New composites based on low-density polyethylene and rice husk: elemental and thermal characteristics. Environmental Engineering Research, 23 (3). pp. 250-257. ISSN 1226-1025

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4491/eer.2017.096

Abstract

We developed new composites by combining the solid waste from Low-Density Polyethylene in the form of plastic bag (PB) and biomass from rice husk (RH),in the form of (RH)x(PB)1-x (x = (1, 0.9, 0.7, 0.5)), as alternative fuels for electrical energy sources, and for providing the best solution to reduce environmental pollution. Elemental compositions were obtained by using proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, and the thermal characteristics were obtained from thermogravimetric analysis. The compositions of carbon and hydrogen from the ultimate analysis show significant increases of 20-30% with increasing PB in the composite. The activation energy for RH is 101.22 kJ/mol; for x = 0.9 and 0.7, this increases by 4 and 6 magnitude, respectively, and for x = 0.5, shows remarkable increase to 165.30 kJ/mol. The range of temperature of about 480-660°C is required for combustion of the composites (RH)x(PB)1-x (x = (1, 0.9, 0.7, 0.5)) to perform the complete combustion process and produce high energy. In addition, the calorific value was determined by using bomb calorimetry, and shows value for RH of 13.44 MJ/kg, which increases about 30-40% with increasing PB content, indicating that PB has a strong effect of increasing the energy realized to generate electricity.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:elemental composition, low-density polyethylene, plastic bags, rice husk, thermal characteristics
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:84476
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:11 Jan 2020 15:31
Last Modified:11 Jan 2020 15:31

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