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Modification of Aortic Cannula With an Inlet Chamber to Induce Spiral Flow and Improve Outlet Flow

Darlis, Nofrizalidris and Osman, Kahar and Padzillah, Muhamad Hasbullah and Dillon, Jeswant and Md. Khudzari, Ahmad Zahran (2018) Modification of Aortic Cannula With an Inlet Chamber to Induce Spiral Flow and Improve Outlet Flow. Artificial Organs, 42 . pp. 493-499. ISSN 0160-564X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aor.13021

Abstract

Physiologically, blood ejected from the left ventricle in systole exhibited spiral flow characteristics. This spiral flow has been proven to have several advantages such as lateral reduction of directed forces and thrombus formation, while it also appears to be clinically beneficial in suppressing neurological complications. In order to deliver spiral flow characteristics during cardiopulmonary bypass operation, several modifications have been made on an aortic cannula either at the internal or at the outflow tip; these modifications have proven to yield better hemodynamic performances compared to standard cannula. However, there is no modification done at the inlet part of the aortic cannula for inducing spiral flow so far. This study was carried out by attaching a spiral inducer at the inlet of an aortic cannula. Then, the hemodynamic performances of the new cannula were compared with the standard straight tip end-hole cannula. This is achieved by modeling the cannula and attaching the cannula at a patient-specific aorta model. Numerical approach was utilized to evaluate the hemodynamic performance, and a water jet impact experiment was used to demonstrate the jet force generated by the cannula. The new spiral flow aortic cannula has shown some improvements by reducing approximately 21% of impinging velocity near to the aortic wall, and more than 58% reduction on total force generated as compared to standard cannula.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aortic cannula, Cardiopulmonary bypass
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:84448
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:11 Jan 2020 15:08
Last Modified:11 Jan 2020 15:08

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