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Review on the characteristic and feasibility of leachate for biogas production by anaerobic digestion

Chien Bong, Cassendra Phun and Lim, Li Yee and Lee, Chew Tin and Ho, Wai Shin and Klemes, Jiri Jaromir (2018) Review on the characteristic and feasibility of leachate for biogas production by anaerobic digestion. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 63 . pp. 73-78. ISSN 2283-9216

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3303/CET1863013

Abstract

The sound handling of municipal solid waste (MSW) is of high priority to minimise environmental degradation and pollution. MSW can be treated via various technologies including landfilling, incineration, composting, anaerobic digestion (AD) and more. Landfill without landfill gas capturing serves as an enclosed bioreactor to store and stabilise waste. Other technologies such as incineration, composting and AD allow substantial volume reduction and generate value-added products. The treatment for MSW is commonly focusing on the solid part. Organic waste contains high moisture content of 70 - 90 %. The pressing of the water content before entering treatment unit, the release of water during and after the treatment, can generate high strength wastewater, known as leachate. Leachate is rich in organic matter, organic pollutants, pathogens, heavy metals and more, which can lead to severe secondary environmental pollution if not properly treated. Leachate from different treatment units showed certain unique characteristics, such as high Na, high Ca, different species and availability of heavy metals. This review summarised some of the important characteristics of different leachates and the suitability of AD as a mean of treatment. The efficiency of AD to treat leachate was presented in terms of the removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biogas production. The COD removal efficiency was between 60 - 98 %, following the treatment of different leachates under different reactors and operational parameters. Among the different stream of leachates, the leachate from landfill is most commonly studied as a co-digestion substrate for AD, as compared to leachate from the composting facility.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:incineration, composting, anaerobic digestion (AD)
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:84426
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:11 Jan 2020 15:08
Last Modified:11 Jan 2020 15:08

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