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Effect of solvent pH, microwave power and extraction time on microwave-assisted extraction of hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Mohd. Jusoh, Yanti Maslina and Idris, Amirah Adlina and Khairuddin, Nozieana and Abang Zaidel, Dayang Norulfairuz (2018) Effect of solvent pH, microwave power and extraction time on microwave-assisted extraction of hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 63 . pp. 541-546. ISSN 2283-9216

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1863091

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to evaluate the effect of solvent extraction pH, microwave extraction power and time on the yield of total anthocyanin and colour of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (H. rosa-sinensis) extract and to evaluate the storage stability of total anthocyanin content and antioxidant activity of these extracts during storage. The factors studied were solvent pH (1.0 and 4.0), microwave power (400 W and 800 W) and extraction time (1 min and 3 min). Results showed that the highest total anthocyanin extracted was 9.56 ±0.001 g cyanidin-3-glucoside when extraction was performed using solvent of pH 4 at 800 W and 3 min and followed by 8.33 ± 0.001 g cyanidn-3-glucoside using solvent of pH 2 at 800 W and 3 min. H. rosa-sinensis extract in pH 2 was in red while the extract in pH 4 was in dark red. For the 10 d storage stability analysis, H. rosa-sinensis extract of pH 2 and pH 4 at 800 W and 3 min were selected. During storage, the extract in pH 4 showed an increase in total anthocyanin content and radical scavenging inhibition percentage. On contrary, the total anthocyanin content and radical inhibition percentage for pH 2 extraction sample decreased during storage.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:microwave power, extraction time
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:84394
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:28 Dec 2019 09:55
Last Modified:28 Dec 2019 09:55

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