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Fabrication and testing of electrospun polyurethane blended with chitosan nanoparticles for vascular graft applications

Subramaniam, Ranjeeta and Mani, Mohan Prasath and Jaganathan, Saravana Kumar (2018) Fabrication and testing of electrospun polyurethane blended with chitosan nanoparticles for vascular graft applications. Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology, 9 (3). pp. 503-513. ISSN 1869-408X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13239-018-0357-y

Abstract

In this study, a small vascular graft based on polyurethane (PU) blended with chitosan (Ch) nanoparticles was fabricated using electrospinning technique. Initially, the chitosan nanoparticles were synthesized using ionic gelation method. UV–Vis spectrophotometer confirmed the presence of synthesized Ch nanoparticles by exhibiting absorption peak at 288 nm and the Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis confirmed the existence of the chitosan. Further, the synthesized Ch nanoparticles showed size diameter in the range of 134 ± 58 nm as measured using ImageJ. In the electrospun PU/chitosan graft, the fiber diameter and pore size diameter was found to be reduced compared to the pure PU owing to incorporation of chitosan into PU matrix. The FTIR spectrum revealed the presence of chitosan in the prepared nanocomposite membrane by the formation of the hydrogen bond and peak shift of CH and NH stretching. Moreover, the contact angle measurements revealed that the prepared graft showed decreased contact angle indicating hydrophilic nature compared to the pristine PU. The cytocompatibility studies revealed the non-toxic behavior of the fabricated graft. Hence, the prepared graft exhibiting significant physiochemical and non-toxic properties may be a plausible candidate for cardiovascular graft applications.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:electrospinning, ionic gelation method
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:84287
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 11:22
Last Modified:16 Dec 2019 11:22

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