Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Review on the suitability of waste for appropriate waste-to-energy technology

Maisarah, Mazalan and Bong, Cassendra P. C. and Ho, Wai Shin and Lim, Jeng Shiun and Muis, Zarina and Hashim, Haslenda and Elagroudy, Sherien and Ling, Gabriel H. T. and Ho, Chin Siong (2018) Review on the suitability of waste for appropriate waste-to-energy technology. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 63 . pp. 187-192. ISSN 2283-9216

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://www.aidic.it/cet/


The proper treatment of waste to utilise them as a feedstock for resource harvesting is gaining increasing popularity. The Waste to energy (WtE) technology is the process that can produce solids, liquid or gaseous fuels from waste , which can be utilised to generate electricity and thermal energy. The WtE technology can be divided into two treatments, which are the thermal treatment (incineration, gasification, pyrolysis, refuse derived fuels) and the biological treatment (anaerobic digestion, composting). The municipal solid waste (MSW) is an attractive fe edstock for WtE technology for resource harvesting due to their high organic content. MSW is heterogenous in nature. MSW can be categorised into mixed MSW and segregated MSW, which includes segregated food waste, green waste, paper waste, plastic waste and more. Different categories of waste exhibits different characteristics, such as variation in the moisture content, caloric value, C/N ratio, particle size and pH. These characteristics can be viewed interchangeably as the parameters for the WtE technology . Different technologies require appropriate waste with certain characteristic to serve as the suitable feedstock for the optimal performance . This paper aims to review the characteristics of different categories of waste under the MSW and propose a suitability matching between these waste with the available WtE technology. As a result, mixed MSW is suitable for incineration process whereas segregated MSW like food waste which is rich in labile organic matter, is more suitable for biological treatment. Plastic waste is suitable for the gasification and pyrolysis process due to its high calorific value and combustibility. The paper waste is suitable for the pyrolysis process due to the presence of hemicellulose and cellulose.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:treatment of waste, resource harvesting
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:84180
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 11:20
Last Modified:16 Dec 2019 11:20

Repository Staff Only: item control page