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Incorporation of thermally labile additives in carbon membrane development for superior gas permeation performance

Sazali, N. and Salleh, W. N. W. and Ismail, A. F. and Nordin, N. A. H. M. and Ismail, N. H. and Mohamed, M. A. and Aziz, F. and Yusof, N. and Jaafar, J. (2018) Incorporation of thermally labile additives in carbon membrane development for superior gas permeation performance. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 49 . pp. 376-384. ISSN 1875-5100


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2017.10.026


Incorporating thermally labile polymer additives into carbon membrane development is highly practical due to its process simplicity and effective approach. In this study, different polymer composition of thermally labile additives such as polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) were introduced into the BTDA-TDI/MDI (P84-copolyimide) polymer solution. The P84-copolyimide based carbon tubular membranes were fabricated using dip-coating method and characterized in terms of its thermal stability, structural morphology and gas permeation properties. Initially, the NCC was introduced as a pore performing agent in the carbon membrane fabrication for carbon dioxide (CO2) separation. Our finding indicated that the use of NCC as pore performing agent significantly promoted an increment of pore structure channel in carbon membrane. As a result, the high permeance as well as high selectivity was demonstrated in this study. Pure gas permeation tests were performed using CO2, CH4, O2 and N2 at room temperature. The increment of both gas permeance and selectivity were observed in the NCC-containing carbon membranes prepared with a composition of 7 wt%. The promising CO2/CH4 selectivity of 68.23 ± 3.27, CO2/N2 selectivity of 66.32 ± 2.18 and O2/N2 selectivity of 9.29 ± 2.54 with respect to neat carbon membrane were presented. Thus, upon further investigation, the potential of NCC as thermally labile additive in carbon membrane was assured.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:carbon membrane, gas separation, Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:83944
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:31 Oct 2019 18:10
Last Modified:05 Nov 2019 12:33

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