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The use of factorial design in screening of factors influencing hexavalent chromium extraction by continuous green emulsion liquid membrane

Othman, Norasikin and Jusoh, Norela and Mohamed Noah, Norul Fatiha (2018) The use of factorial design in screening of factors influencing hexavalent chromium extraction by continuous green emulsion liquid membrane. In: 5th International Conference on Process Engineering and Advanced Materials, ICPEAM 2018, 13 August 2018 - 14 August 2018, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/458/1/012032

Abstract

Recently, increasing concerns on hexavalent chromium as an environmental pollutant can be observed due to its build-up to toxic levels in the environment, resulting from various industrial and agricultural activities such as electroplating, stainless steel production, leather tanning and textile manufacturing. This work screens the significant factors that largely affect the efficiency of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) removal from electroplating wastewater in continuous green emulsion liquid membrane using fractional factorial design. There are six factors investigated for affecting the removal of chromium which are residence time (t), TOMAC concentration (M), stripping agent concentration (M), rotational speed (rpm), treat ratio, and modifier concentration (w/v). The response variable of the chromium removal was identified using the two-level fractional factorial (two level) design and the results were analyzed statistically. Five factors were identified to have significant influence on chromium removal which are retention time, rotational speed, treat ratio, modifier concentration and carrier concentration. Regression models for chromium extraction were developed and the adequacy of the model was examined. The results of this study indicate that fractional factorial design is capable to predict the significant factors affecting hexavalent chromium extraction by using continuous green emulsion liquid membrane.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Carrier concentration, chromium compounds
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:82455
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:30 Sep 2019 22:05
Last Modified:31 Oct 2019 18:10

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