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Biosorption of chromium (VI) ions using sustainable eggshell impregnated pandanus amaryllifolius roxb adsorbent

Chan, Jia Xin and Ngadi, Norzita (2018) Biosorption of chromium (VI) ions using sustainable eggshell impregnated pandanus amaryllifolius roxb adsorbent. PERINTIS eJournal, 8 (2). pp. 86-101. ISSN 2232-0725

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Official URL: https://perintis.org.my/ejournal/current-issue/201...

Abstract

The conventional methods used for heavy metals removal from wastewater are cost inefficient and non-ecofriendly. Thus, biosorption using waste materialswas proposed in this study. The study was carried out to remove chromium (VI), Cr(VI) ions using raw eggshell and hybrid eggshell-pandan biosorbent. The result obtained showed that the hybrid sorbent had higher efficiency in removal of Cr(VI) ions. The experimental results had indicated that in order to achieve the optimum Cr(VI) ions removal percentage of 17.78%, the optimum conditions required for the raw eggshell sorbent were 140 minutes of contact time, 0.5g of sorbent, room temperature, pH 5 and initial concentration of 0.8 mg/L Cr(VI) ions solution. While for hybrid eggshell-pandan sorbent, anoptimum removal percentage at 37.88% could be achieved when the contact time is 140 minutes, with 0.5g dosage, 50°C, pH 4 and initial concentration of 0.8 mg/L Cr(VI) ions solution. The study showed that the adsorption of Cr(VI) ions onto the hybrid sorbent follows the pseudo-second-order kinetic model of Legergren, Freundlich isotherm model and the thermodynamic study showed negative values of Gibb’s energy, positive value of enthalpy (16.68kJ/mol) and entropy change (0.0473 kJ/mol). In short, the hybrid eggshell-pandansorbent has greater potential as a biosorbentin removing Cr(VI) ions compared to that of raw eggshell sorbent.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:eggshell, pandan, adsorption, chromium(VI) ions, biosorbent
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:82114
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:30 Sep 2019 17:00
Last Modified:26 Oct 2019 16:28

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