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Novel palm oil based polyol with amide functionality

Soloi, Sabrina and Abdul Majid, Rohah and Rahmat, Abdul Razak and Jamaluddin, Jamarosliza (2018) Novel palm oil based polyol with amide functionality. International Journal Of Sciences: Basic And Applied Research (IJSBAR), 37 (1). pp. 74-86. ISSN 2307 -4531

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Official URL: https://www.gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndA...

Abstract

In polymer chemistry, polyol usually used as starting materials for polyurethane (PU) production in which upon reacted with isocyanate will affect the physical and chemical properties of the obtained PU. Polyols that are mostly derived from petrochemical resources are facing the issues such as depletion of petroleum sources as well as the increasing in market price. Ring opening reaction (ROR) of epoxidized palm oil (EPO) had been carried out using isopropanolamine (IPA) to impart polyol with amide functionality. The effect of reaction time on the opening of oxirane ring was investigated. FTIR spectra showed that the oxirane ring of EPO can occurs at 6 hours reaction time, corresponding to the deacreasing intensity of oxirane band at 824-830 cm-1. The OH value of the amide- functionalized-polyol was calculated at around 240-253 mg KOH/g. By prolonging the reaction time the OH value has slightly reduced. Mass spectroscopy analysis revealed that the polyol has a molecular weight in the range of oligo-polyols (400 – 500 Da).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ring opening reaction, epoxidized palm oil, isopropanolamine, bio-based polyols, amide polyol
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:82037
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:30 Sep 2019 17:00
Last Modified:20 Oct 2019 10:49

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