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Canarium odontophyllum stem bark extract exert cytotoxic effect in hct116 cell line via atp loss and ros generation

Basri, Dayang Fredalina and Zainal, Nurul Amira and Ishak, Siti Fairuz and Huyop, Fahrul Zaman (2018) Canarium odontophyllum stem bark extract exert cytotoxic effect in hct116 cell line via atp loss and ros generation. European Journal Of Pharmaceutical & Medical Research, 5 (7). pp. 91-96. ISSN 2394-3211

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Official URL: http://www.ejpmr.com/home/abstract_id/3943

Abstract

Background: Canarium odontophyllum, had the potential to cause cytotoxicity towards colorectal cancer cell line by inducing cell death via apoptosis. The aim of this study was to further determine the underlying mechanism of acetone extract from the stem bark of C.odontophyllum against colorectal cancer cell line HCT 116. Methods: The IC50 value of acetone extract was determined at concentration range of 12.5()gmL to 200()gmL, 48hr upon treatment. The level of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) was measured using CellTiter-Glo Luminescent Cell Viability assay and dihydroethidium staining assay detected by flow cytometry respectively, upon treatment of the cell line at IC50 concentration of the extract at time points 30 mins, 60 mins and 120 mins, respectively. Results: The acetone extract of C.odontophyllum stem bark treatment showed cytotoxic effect against the HCT 116 with IC50 value of 84()9()gmL with significant reduction (p<0.05) of ATP level from 139861.67()63650.95 indicated by relative luminescence unit (RLU) at 30 mins of treatment to 29875.5()7284.39 (RLU) after 4hr of treatment. ROS level showed significant increased in the cell lines at 2hr of treatment compared to the negative control with the value of 42.75()5.30% and 22.35()5.303301%, respectively. Conclusion: In conclusion, acetone extract of C.odontophyllum stem bark exerted its cytotoxic effect by a decreased in the intracellular ATP level and increased in the level of ROS.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:canarium odontophyllum, colorectal cancer, cytotoxicity, ROS, ATP
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:81971
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:30 Sep 2019 17:00
Last Modified:08 Oct 2019 09:32

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