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A millimeter wave reflectarray antenna with tilted side patch elements for fifth generation communication systems

Dahri, Muhammad Hashim (2019) A millimeter wave reflectarray antenna with tilted side patch elements for fifth generation communication systems. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.


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A flat surface reflectarray antenna is becoming an impending competitor for fifth generation (5G) communications among the generally known conventional antenna systems. Its narrow bandwidth and high loss performance lead to restrict its gain and effciency at millimeter wave frequencies. Additionally, high design sensitivity is also an issue at millimeter waves that can trigger the problem of imperfect fabrications. Therefore, a simple design of reflectarray patch element is required with wide reflection phase range to achieve wideband and high gain performance. Effciency of reflectarray antenna is also needed to be formulated properly to acquire polarization diversity. In this work, a new reflectarray patch element with a tilted side is recommended for a wideband dual resonance operation within 24 GHz to 28 GHz frequency range. Dual resonance of the tilted side patch element offers a reflection phase range of more than 600' and a reflection loss of 1.6 dB with a novel design. Simulated results of the patch element have been verified by the scattering parameter measurements using a waveguide simulator. Additionally, a mathematical relationship has been formulated to predict the effciency of the reflectarray antenna based on its aperture shape and feed distance. It has been found that, a circular aperture reflectarray attains 21.46% higher effciency than its equivalent square aperture reflectarray of the same feed distance. Consequently, a circular aperture reflectarray consisting of 332 variable size tilted side patch elements has been designed and tested at 26 GHz with various possible configurations. The high cross polarization issue due to the asymmetric design of the tilted side patch element has been tackled by mirroring the orientations of the elements on the surface of reflectarray. Moreover, circular ring slots with variable radius have been embedded in reflectarray ground plane for gain improvement. Experimental results show that, the slotted ground reflectarray antenna offers a 3.5 dB higher gain with 22.9% higher effciency and 3% wider bandwidth than a full grounded reflectarray antenna. A maximum of 26.1 dB gain with 41.3% effciency and 11.5% (3 GHz) bandwidth has been acquired with the slotted ground reflectarray antenna. The tilted side patch reflectarray has offered dual linear polarization when its elements are mirrored to each other and dual circular polarization when its elements are not mirrored to each other. Its main beam has been numerically steered up to +20' by a progressive phase shift of 80'. The acquired parameters of the tilted side patch reflectarray antenna fit within the requirements of the 5G communication systems.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:reflectarray antenna, 5G communication systems
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:81792
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:24 Sep 2019 09:36
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 09:36

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