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Geospatial approach using socio-economic and projected climate change information formodelling urban growth

Musa, Sulaiman Ibrahim (2018) Geospatial approach using socio-economic and projected climate change information formodelling urban growth. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

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Abstract

Urban growth and climate change are two interwoven phenomena that are becoming global environmental issues. Using Niger Delta of Nigeria as a case study, this research investigated the historical and future patterns of urban growth using geospatialbased modelling approach. Specific objectives were to: (i) examine the climate change pattern and predict its impact on urban growth modelling; (ii) investigate the historical pattern of urban growth; (iii) embrace some selected parameters from United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) and examine their impacts on future urban growth prediction; (iv) verify whether planning has controlled urban land use sprawl in the study area; and (v) propose standard operating procedure for urban sprawl in the area. A MAGICC model, developed by the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), was used to predict future precipitation under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 emission scenarios, which was utilized to evaluate the impact of climate change on the study area from 2016 to 2100. Observed precipitation records from 1972 to 2015 were analysed, and 2012 was selected as a water year, based on depth and frequency of rainfall. A relationship model derived using logistic regression from the observed precipitation and river width from Landsat imageries of 2012 was used to project the monthly river width variations over the projected climate change, considering the two emission scenarios. The areas that are prone to flooding were determined based on the projected precipitation anomalies and a suitability map was developed to accommodate the impact of climate change in the projection of future urban growth. Urban landscape changes between 1985 and 2015 were also analysed, which revealed a rapid urban growth in the region. A Cellular Automata/Markov Chain (CA-Markov) model was used to project the year 2030 land cover of the region considering two scenarios; normal projection without any constraint, and using some designed constraints (forest reserves, population and economy) based on some selected UN SDGs criteria and climate change. On validation, overall simulation accuracies of 89.25% and 91.22% were achieved based on scenarios one and two, respectively. The projection using the first scenario resulted to net loss and gains of - 7.37%, 11.84% and 50.88%, while that of second scenario produced net loss and gains of -4.72%, 7.43% and 48.37% in forest, farmland and built-up area between 2015 and 2030, respectively. The difference between the two scenarios showed that the UN SDGs have great influence on the urban growth prediction and strict adherence to the selected UN SDGs criteria can reduce tropical deforestation, and at the same time serve as resilience to climate change in the region.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:urban growth, climate change, landscape
Subjects:N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:81657
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:10 Sep 2019 09:53
Last Modified:10 Sep 2019 09:53

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