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Beamforming and non-orthogonal multiple access for rate and secrecy enhancement of fifth generation communication system

Alsaba, Yamen (2019) Beamforming and non-orthogonal multiple access for rate and secrecy enhancement of fifth generation communication system. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.


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The fifth-generation (5G) communication systems have many anticipated functionalities and requirements such as high data rate, massive connectivity, wide coverage area, low latency and enhanced secrecy performance. In order to meet these criteria, communication schemes that combine 5G key enabling technologies need to be investigated. In this thesis, a novel communication system that merges non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), energy harvesting, beamforming, and full-duplex (FD) techniques in order to enhance both capacity and secrecy of 5G system is introduced. In the capacity improving scheme, NOMA is first combined with beamforming to serve more than one user in each beamforming vector. Next, simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) technique is exploited to encourage the strong user (user with better channel condition) to relay the information messages of the weak user (user with poor channel condition) in FD manner. The total sum rate maximisation problem is formulated and solved by means of convex-concave procedure. The system performance is also analysed by deriving the outage probability of both users. Additionally, the model is extended to a more general case wherein the users are moving, and the outage probability of this dynamic topology is provided by means of the stochastic geometry framework. Novel secure schemes are also introduced to safeguard legitimate users’ information from internal and external eavesdroppers. In the internal eavesdropper’s case, artificial signal concept is adopted to protect NOMA’s weak user’s information from being intercepted by the strong user. The secrecy outage probability of theweak user is derived and validated. In addition, game theory discipline is exploited to provide an efficient eavesdropping avoidance algorithm. Null-steering beamforming is adopted in the external eavesdropper’s case in two different schemes namely self and nonself-cooperative jamming. In self-cooperative strategy, the base station applies the null-steering jamming to impair the eavesdropper channel, while sending the information-bearing signals to the intended legitimate users. Whereas in the nonself-cooperative jamming scheme, the base station provides the helpers with the required information and power by means of SWIPT technique in the first phase. The helpers deploy null-steering beamforming to jam the eavesdropper during the information exchange between the base station and the intended users in the second phase. The secrecy outage probability of the legitimate users is derived in both jamming schemes. Game theory is also introduced to the nonself-cooperative jamming scheme for further improvements on the secrecy outage behaviour and the economic revenue of the system. The proposed capacity enhancing scheme demonstrates about 200% higher sum rate when compared with the non-cooperative and half-duplex cooperative NOMA systems. In addition, the novel secure scheme in the internal eavesdropper case is proven to enhance the information security of the weak user without compromising the functionalities of the strong user or NOMA superiority over orthogonal multiple access systems. Null-steering based jamming system also illustrates improved secrecy performance in the external eavesdropper case when compared to the conventional jamming schemes. Numerical simulations are carried out in order to validate the derived closed-form expressions and to illustrate the performance enhancement achieved by the proposed schemes where the rate is increased by 200% and the secrecy outage probability is decreased by 33% when compared to the baseline systems.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), 5G communication system
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:81632
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:10 Sep 2019 01:50
Last Modified:10 Sep 2019 01:50

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