Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

2 mhz electrical resistance tomography for static liquid- solid profile measurement

Abdul Wahab, Yasmin (2017) 2 mhz electrical resistance tomography for static liquid- solid profile measurement. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

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Tomography is a technique used to reconstruct cross-sectional image of a pipeline for flow monitoring applications. There are several types of tomography system such as X-ray tomography, ultrasonic tomography, and electrical resistance tomography (ERT). ERT has many advantages compared to other types of tomography such as low cost, robust and no radiation. Thus, it becomes particularly suitable for industrial applications. However, it has been observed that the conventional practice of ERT through invasive sensing technique has exposed the ERT metal sensor to corrosion and limited its application because of inaccurate measurement of the data. Consequently, non-invasive ERT has also been introduced in low frequency (in kHz) applied to the ERT system. The low frequency ERT makes use of the phase-sensitive demodulation (PSD) approach and is a complicated technique to implement. Hence, the goal of this research is to design and develop a non-invasive ERT system with a high frequency (2 MHz) source. A total impedance of coupling capacitances (between metal electrode and conductive medium) series with resistance (conductive medium) for each pair of electrodes was assumed in the research. Based on the mathematical equation of the total impedance, the real part is the resistance (conductive medium) must be larger than the imaginary part (capacitances), so that it can easily detect the concentration profile of the conductive medium. Therefore, the minimum frequency needed to ensure that the real part is bigger than the imaginary one is 2 MHz. Simultaneously, the independent and flexible sixteen ERT electrodes designed for the system make it easier to replace and troubleshoot any problems with the sensor. In addition, the experiment was carried out on a two-phase static liquid–solid regime for a linear back-projection algorithm using online configuration, with MATLAB as a software platform. It was also able to detect and visualize the non-homogenous system of the two-phase regime. Later, the reconstructed image was improved using a global threshold technique through offline configuration. The experiment results indicate that it could detect obstacles in a vertical pipe with minimum 12 mm in diameter and 4.5 cm in height.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:tomography, MATLAB
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:81629
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:10 Sep 2019 09:50
Last Modified:10 Sep 2019 09:50

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