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Cross-linked enzyme aggregates of recombinant xylanase for conversion of hemicelluloses to xylooligosaccharides

Md. Shaarani @ Md. Nawi, Shalyda (2018) Cross-linked enzyme aggregates of recombinant xylanase for conversion of hemicelluloses to xylooligosaccharides. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.


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Hemicelluloses are heterogeneous branched polymers of sugars that exist abundantly in nature. Enzymatic hydrolysis is envisioned as a highly potential method in converting hemicelluloses into fuels and value-added chemicals. However, the use of free enzyme is hampered by low operational stability, difficulty in recovery and non-reusability, which requires for enzyme immobilization. Carrier-bound immobilization leads to utilization of high cost matrices, clogging of filters during downstream processing and presence of large amounts of non-catalytic ballast. Therefore, cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEA), a carrier-free technology that combines purification (precipitation) and immobilization into a single operation and does not require purified enzymes, is the solution to these problems. In this study, a recombinant xylanase (Xyl) from Trichoderma reesei was immobilized using three approaches: Xyl-CLEA, Xyl-CLEA-BSA (bovine serum albumin) and Xyl-CLEA-silanized maghemite. The use of ethanol as precipitant (1:9 volume ratio of enzyme to precipitant), glutaraldehyde (0.2:1 of glutaraldehyde to enzyme of 100 mM concentration) as cross-linking agent and the introduction of (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTES) silanized maghemite (0.0075:1 of silanized maghemite to enzyme) prevailed in forming xylanase CLEAs with good enzyme activity recovery (78 %), thermal stability (50 % retained activity) and reusability (50 % retained activity). The Xyl-CLEA-silanized maghemite enhanced the activity recovery 1.66- and 1.50-fold compared to Xyl-CLEA and Xyl-CLEA-BSA, respectively. At elevated temperature of 60 °C and pHs of 3.0 and 8.0, Xyl-CLEA-silanized maghemite achieved better stability compared to the other CLEAs and free enzyme. Xyl-CLEA-silanized maghemite also successfully retained more than 50 % of its activity after 6 cycles, whereas Xyl-CLEA only retained approximately 10 % after 5 cycles. Therefore, the performance of Xyl-CLEA-silanized maghemite was further investigated by xylan hydrolysis under optimised reaction conditions. Xylooligosaccharides yield was slightly improved by 1.26- fold compared to the free enzyme. Kinetic parameters confirmed that CLEA immobilization did affect the productivity of the designed biocatalyst.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:biocatalyst, hemicelluloses, cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEA)
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:81425
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:23 Aug 2019 12:07
Last Modified:23 Aug 2019 12:07

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