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Seasonal measurement and dose assessment of natural radionuclides in sediments of Darbandikhan Lake in Kurdistan-Iraq

Omer Jafir, A. and Ahmed, A. H. and Saridan, W. M. (2017) Seasonal measurement and dose assessment of natural radionuclides in sediments of Darbandikhan Lake in Kurdistan-Iraq. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 140 . pp. 150-160. ISSN 0969-806X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.02.01...

Abstract

A total of 100 sediment samples were collected from Darbandikhan Lake and its different resources (spring, stream, and lake) during the four seasons. Spectrometry analysis of HPGe detector was used for measuring the specific activity. The seasonally measured mean activity concentration of 238U, 232Th and40K for sediment samples were 11.9±1.0, 7.8±1.0 and 213.4±3.4 Bq/kg in spring; 9.2±1.1, 7.9±1.0 and 205.8±3.0 Bq/kg in summer; 12.7±1.5, 8.2±1.0 and 188.1±3.1 Bq/kg in autumn; 11.9±1.6, 9.1±1.0 and 218.7±3.0 Bq/kg in winter, respectively. The obtained activity concentrations of 238U, 232Th and 40K are all below the recommended values suggested by UNSCEAR (2000) for sediment 35, 30 and 400 Bq/kg, respectively. The ordinary kriging method was used to draw the contour maps using the surfer digital program. RESRAD-BUILD simulation code was used to determine the indoor dose, annual dose rate and cancer risks received and exposed to individuals in the dwellings, which show an increase over a period of 50 years. Two scenario descriptions of changing wall thickness and room dimension were, studied and they shows that the indoor dose and cancer risks increase with wall thicknesses until 50 cm and over a period of 50 years, as well as the increase of room size increases the internal dose and cancer risks inside the buildings. From the analyzed results it was concluded that the sediments in the Darbandikhan Lake has no risks when used in building construction.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:cancer risk, hpge, internal dose
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions:Science
ID Code:81080
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:24 Jul 2019 11:09
Last Modified:24 Jul 2019 11:09

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