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Coordinated observations of postmidnight irregularities and thermospheric neutral winds and temperatures at low latitudes

Dao,, T. and Otsuka, Y. and Shiokawa, K. and Nishioka, M. and Yamamoto, M. and Buhari, S. M. and Abdullah, M. and Husin, A. (2017) Coordinated observations of postmidnight irregularities and thermospheric neutral winds and temperatures at low latitudes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122 (7). pp. 7504-7518. ISSN 2169-9380

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024048

Abstract

We investigated a postmidnight field-aligned irregularity (FAI) event observed with the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar at Kototabang (0.2°S, 100.3°E, dip latitude 10.4°S) in Indonesia on the night of 9 July 2010 using a comprehensive data set of both neutral and plasma parameters. We examined the rate of total electron content change index (ROTI) obtained from GPS receivers in Southeast Asia, airglow images detected by an all-sky imager, and thermospheric neutral winds and temperatures obtained by a Fabry-Perot interferometer at Kototabang. Altitudes of the F layer (h′F) observed by ionosondes at Kototabang, Chiang Mai, and Chumphon were also surveyed. We found that the postmidnight FAIs occurred within plasma bubbles and coincided with kilometer-scale plasma density irregularities. We also observed an enhancement of the magnetically equatorward thermospheric neutral wind at the same time as the increase of h′F at low-latitude stations, but h′F at a station near the magnetic equator remained invariant. Simultaneously, a magnetically equatorward gradient of thermospheric temperature was identified at Kototabang. The convergence of equatorward neutral winds from the Northern and Southern Hemispheres could be associated with a midnight temperature maximum occurring around the magnetic equator. Equatorward neutral winds can uplift the F layer at low latitudes and increase the growth rate of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities, causing more rapid extension of plasma bubbles. The equatorward winds in both hemispheres also intensify the eastward Pedersen current, so a large polarization electric field generated in the plasma bubble might play an important role in the generation of postmidnight FAIs.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:neutral temperatures, postmidnight field-aligned irregularities, the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions:Science
ID Code:80998
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:24 Jul 2019 08:13
Last Modified:24 Jul 2019 08:13

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