Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Differences between follower and dyadic measures of LMX as mediators of emotional intelligence and employee performance, well-being, and turnover intention

Clarke, N. and Mahadi, N. (2017) Differences between follower and dyadic measures of LMX as mediators of emotional intelligence and employee performance, well-being, and turnover intention. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26 (3). pp. 373-384. ISSN 1359-432X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2016.1263185

Abstract

Both leader and follower emotional intelligence (EI) have been posited in the literature to influence leader–member exchange (LMX). We collected data from 203 independent leader–follower dyads working in the insurance industry in Malaysia and examined relationships between leader and follower trait-EI and follower outcomes mediated through LMX. We added a further dimension to our study by comparing results using follower and then a dyadic measure of LMX. We found that leader EI predicted a dyadic measure of LMX, whilst only follower EI predicted a follower measure of LMX. As hypothesized, leader EI had both direct and indirect effects on follower job performance. By contrast, follower EI demonstrated both direct and indirect effects on follower well-being. We found a dyadic measure of LMX to be a stronger predictor of follower job performance, well-being, and turnover intention than a follower only measure. Our results suggest that significant relationships between leader and follower trait EI and LMX depend on whether follower or dyadic measures of LMX are used. The study draws attention to the importance of emphasizing the level at which EI effects are expected to operate in LMX.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:follower, leader, leader member exchange
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:International Business School
ID Code:80561
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:26 May 2019 14:12
Last Modified:01 Dec 2020 16:05

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