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Incorporating higher order thinking skill (HOTS) questions in ESL classroom contexts

Shafeei, Khairon Nisa and Hassan, Hanita and Ismail, Fauziah and Abdul Aziz, Azian (2017) Incorporating higher order thinking skill (HOTS) questions in ESL classroom contexts. Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) International Journal, 4 (1). pp. 101-116. ISSN 2601-002x


Official URL: https://lspinternationaljournal.utm.my/index.php/l...


Malaysia is preparing to face 21st century learning challenges in order to fulfill the global needs. As a result, Higher-Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) have been introduced in the education system with the purpose to produce critical students who are able to compete at the international arena. Thus, this study investigated the question types used by teachers of English as a second language (ESL). Besides, this study also examined the challenges faced by the teachers in incorporating HOTS element in their teaching. The data for this study were gathered by means of class observations, interviews and questionnaires. The data collected by means of classroom observation and interviews were analysed thematically whilst the questionnaire data were analysed using descriptive statistic method. The findings of this study reveal that ESL teachers favour display questions or LOTS compared to referential questions, HOTS. This is due to lack of knowledge regarding HOTS questions and students' English low proficiency level. This study, therefore, recommends that ESL teachers are in need of adequate training on HOTS before they can successfully implement HOTS in language classrooms and further relevant studies should focus on the ways in which HOTS can be incorporated in ESL classrooms.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:HOTS, ESL, question types, language classrooms
Subjects:L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions:Language Academy
ID Code:80395
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:10 May 2019 07:18
Last Modified:10 May 2019 07:18

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