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Microstructure and residual properties of green concrete composites incorporating waste carpet fibers and palm oil fuel ash at elevated temperatures

Mohammadhosseini, H. and Yatim, J. M. (2017) Microstructure and residual properties of green concrete composites incorporating waste carpet fibers and palm oil fuel ash at elevated temperatures. Journal of Cleaner Production, 144 . pp. 8-21. ISSN 0959-6526

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.168

Abstract

With the increasing amount of waste generation from different processes, there has been a growing interest in the use of waste in producing sustainable building materials to achieve potential benefits. This study investigated the influence of waste polypropylene carpet fibers and palm oil fuel ash (POFA) on the microstructure and residual properties of concrete composites exposed to elevated temperatures. Four mixes containing carpet fibers (0% and 0.5%) and POFA (0% and 20%) were prepared. The specimens were exposed to high temperatures (200, 400, 600 and 800 °C) for 1 h. The fire resistance of the concrete specimens was then measured in terms of mass loss as well as both residual ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) and compressive strength. The role of carpet fibers and POFA was investigated through the analysis of the microstructure in terms of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The results revealed that the addition of waste polypropylene carpet fibers to the concrete matrix significantly enhanced the fire resistance and residual compressive strength in addition to eliminating the explosive spalling behavior of the concrete composites at elevated temperatures. The fire resistance of the concrete mixtures was further enhanced by the inclusion of POFA. The study revealed that the utilization of waste carpet fiber and palm oil fuel ash in the production of sustainable green concrete is feasible both technically and environmentally.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:green concrete composites, elevated temperatures, waste carpet fibers
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:80321
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:10 May 2019 15:14
Last Modified:10 May 2019 15:14

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