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A low cost, superhydrophobic and superoleophilic hybrid kaolin-based hollow fibre membrane (KHFM) for efficient adsorption-separation of oil removal from water

Hubadillah, S. K. and Kumar, P. and Dzarfan Othman, M. H. and Ismail, A. F. and Rahman, M. A. and Jaafar, J. (2018) A low cost, superhydrophobic and superoleophilic hybrid kaolin-based hollow fibre membrane (KHFM) for efficient adsorption-separation of oil removal from water. RSC Advances, 8 (6). pp. 2986-2995. ISSN 2046-2069

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c7ra13206a

Abstract

Inspired by the lotus leaf surface structure, which possesses a hydrophobicity behaviour, a low cost, high performance superhydrophobic and superoleophilic kaolin hollow fibre membrane (KHFM) was obtained by a simple sol-gel grafted method using tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) for oil removal from water. The KHFM was grafted at various grafting times ranging from 1 to 5 coating cycles. Prior to the calcination process at 400 °C, the grafted KHFM was dried in an oven at 100 °C for 1 hour for each grafting coating cycle. The grafting process efficiency was measured by the contact angle of water and hexane. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) were used to study the morphology and surface roughness, respectively, of the grafted KHFM. The oil removal was conducted by using the homogeneous mixture of hexane and water. The highest hydrophobicity and oleophilicity was obtained for the KHFM grafted at 2 coating cycles with a contact angle value equal to 157° and 0°, respectively. In fact, the mechanical strength of KHFM was also improved from 16.21 MPa to 72.33 MPa after grafting. In terms of performance, KHFM grafted for 2 coating cycles obtained an almost 99.9% absorption of oil. Thereby, KHFMs were assembled into a module for a filtration study. A high oil flux of 102 L m-2 h-1 was obtained for superhydrophobic and superoleophilic KHFM with 2 grafting coating cycles of 2, and this result is in agreement with the trend of the adsorption result.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Atomic force microscopy, Coatings, Contact angle
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:79874
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:28 Jan 2019 14:58
Last Modified:28 Jan 2019 14:58

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