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Authenticity testing and detection of Eurycoma longifolia in commercial herbal products using bar-high resolution melting analysis

Fadzil, N. F. and Wagiran, A. and Salleh, F. M. and Abdullah, S. and Izham, N. H. M. (2018) Authenticity testing and detection of Eurycoma longifolia in commercial herbal products using bar-high resolution melting analysis. Genes, 9 (8). ISSN 2073-4425

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes9080408

Abstract

The present study demonstrated High Resolution Melting (HRM) analysis combined with DNA barcode (Bar-HRM) as a fast and highly sensitive technique for detecting adulterants in Eurycoma longifolia commercial herbal products. Targeting the DNA barcoding of the chloroplastic region-ribulose biphosphate carboxylase large chain (rbcL) and the nuclear ribosomal region-internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2), PCR amplification and HRM analysis using saturated Eva green dye as the source of fluorescence signals, was accomplished by employing a real-time cycler. The results were further validated by sequencing to identify unknown sequence from Genbank database and to generate phylogenetic tree using neighbour joint (NJ) analysis. Both of the DNA markers exhibited a distinguishable melting temperature and shape of the normalised curve between the reference and the adulterants. In the case of species identification, ITS2 was more successful in differentiating between species. Additionally, detection of admixture sample containing small traces of targeted E. longifolia DNA (w/v) can be detected as low as 5% for rbcL and less than 1% for ITS2, proving the sensitivity and versatility of the HRM analysis. In conclusion, the Bar-HRM analysis is a fast and reliable technique that can effectively detect adulterants in herbal products. Therefore, this will be beneficial for regulatory agencies in order to regulate food safety issues.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adulteration, Authentication, Bar-HRM, Eurycoma longifolia, ITS2, rbcL
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:79683
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:28 Jan 2019 14:38
Last Modified:28 Jan 2019 14:38

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