Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Ultrasound and computed tomography cardiac image registration

Chieng, Thion Ming (2017) Ultrasound and computed tomography cardiac image registration. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering.


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As the trend of the medical intervention moves towards becoming minimally invasive, the role of medical imaging has grown increasingly important. Medical images acquired from a variety of imaging modalities require image preprocessing, information extraction and data analysis algorithms in order for the potentially useful information to be delivered to clinicians so as to facilitate better diagnosis, treatment planning and surgical intervention. This thesis investigates the employment of an affine registration method to register the pre-operative Computed Tomography (CT) and intra-operative Ultrasound cardiac images. The main benefit of registering Ultrasound and CT cardiac images is to compensate the weaknesses and combine the advantages from both modalities. However, the multimodal registration is a complex and challenging task since there is no specific relationship between the intensity values of the corresponding pixels. Image preprocessing methods such as image denoising, edge detection and contour delineation are implemented to obtain the salient and significant features before the registration process. The features-based Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) method and homography transformation are then applied to find the transformation that aligns the floating image to the reference image. The registration results of three different patient datasets are assessed by the objective performance measures to ensure that the clinically meaningful result are obtained. Furthermore, the relationship between the preoperative CT image and the transformed intra-operative Ultrasound image are evaluated using joint histogram, MI and NMI. Although the proposed framework falls slightly short of achieving the perfect compensation of cardiac movements and deformation, it can be legitimately implemented as an initialisation step for further studies in dynamic and deformable cardiac registration.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Falsafah, Bidang Penyelidikan: Kejuruteraan Bioperubatan) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2017; Supervisors : Dr. Zaid Omar, Dr. Nasrul Humaimi Mahmmod
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:78545
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:27 Aug 2018 03:22
Last Modified:27 Aug 2018 03:22

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