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The effect of spiritual and human capital on independent auditor's opinion among Iranian auditors

Naslmosavi, Seyedhossein (2014) The effect of spiritual and human capital on independent auditor's opinion among Iranian auditors. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Management.


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An independent auditor’s opinion would enhance the confidence of investors in a reporting system and lead to increased capital markets’ efficiency. The influential factors on quality based on an auditor’s opinion in financial statements are highly regarded because these factors will ensure that the statements are reliable, useful and relevant to investors and creditors. However, there are effective factors concerning independent auditors that need to be investigated. Correspondingly, the aim of this research was to investigate the effect of spiritual capital (SpC) and human capital (HC) as components of intellectual capital (IC) on independent auditor’s opinion (IAO). By exploring moral development, ethical climate and human capital theories, a comprehensive investigation of moral, ethical climate, culture and personal values which represent SpC (individual and organizational aspects), work experience, education, employee competence and skills that characterize HC was carried out. In addition, the mediating effect of human capital on the relationship between audit firms size and IAO was also studied. Quantitative data were collected from questionnaires distributed to 321 practicing audit managers and partners in Iranian audit firms. Multiple regressions with the aid of SPSS were employed to measure the effect of combined SpC and HC on IAO. Besides that, the path analysis method in structural equation model by utilizing LISREL was engaged to measure the relationship among HC (mediator variable), audit firm size and IAO. The results show that SpC and HC have significant effects on IAO. Following that, HC has a mediating effect on the relationship between audit firm size and IAO. Based on the results, this study proposed the moral development and ethical climate theory as appropriate theories to support the SpC as a component of IC. Besides that, the findings have strengthened the understanding of human capital theory through the explanation of the effect of HC on IAO. Overall, the study has highlighted the importance of SpC and HC and it is recommended that auditing standard setting authorities must pave the way for more attention to be given to these capitals in peer reviews.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information:Thesis (Ph.D (Pengurusan)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2014; Supervisors : Prof. Dr. Saudah Sofian, Dr. Maisarah Mohamed Saat
Uncontrolled Keywords:spiritual capital (SpC), independent auditor’s opinion (IAO)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
ID Code:78521
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:26 Aug 2018 11:58
Last Modified:26 Aug 2018 11:58

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