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Quantitative analysis of MWCNT agglomeration in polymeric-based membranes using atomic force microscope

Basri, Hatijah and Irfan, Masooma and Irfan, Muhammad and Lau, Woei-Jye and Kartohardjono, Sutrasno (2017) Quantitative analysis of MWCNT agglomeration in polymeric-based membranes using atomic force microscope. Surface and Interface Analysis, 49 (1). pp. 55-62. ISSN 0142-2421

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sia.6057

Abstract

In this work, we performed an analysis on the surface properties of polyethersulfone (PES)-based ultrafiltration membranes that were prepared by incorporating acid functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube (f-MWCNT) and polyvinylpyrrolidone into membrane matrix via simple blending method. The bonding-chemistry of the nanocomposites implanted within the PES membrane was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer while atomic force microscope was employed to observe the distribution of f-MWCNT in the membrane matrix and further measured its agglomeration quantitatively. The resultant 3D atomic force microscope images provided the most satisfactory way to examine the distribution of nanomaterials in the membranes, and with the help of `point profile data' the maximum height and width of the agglomerated cluster could be quantitatively calculated. Moreover, the surface profile studies of the membrane surface provided the information about the length, volume, area, perimeter, radius and diameter of grains. It was observed that PES/nanocomposite blended membranes were held together via strong hydrogen bonding, but poor dispersion of MWCNT in the membrane matrix reduced the membrane performance in terms of protein (pepsin and bovine albumin serum) rejection and increased the surface roughness.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:AFM, agglomeration, dispersion, membrane, nanotubes
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:77562
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:30 Nov 2018 15:10
Last Modified:30 Nov 2018 15:10

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