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Characterization of bacterial cellulose produced via fermentation of acetobacter xylinum 0416

Zahan, Khairul Azly and Anuar, Afiq Haiqal Iman and Pa'e, Norhayati and Ring, Leong Chean and Yenn, Tong Woei and Mustapha, Mahfuzah (2017) Characterization of bacterial cellulose produced via fermentation of acetobacter xylinum 0416. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4 (3). pp. 19-24. ISSN 2313-3724

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Official URL: http://ir.unikl.edu.my/jspui/bitstream/123456789/1...


The production of plant-based cellulose products had contributed to the increasing rate of deforestation activities. Bacterial cellulose (BC) produced via fermentation process can be considered as an alternative. In this study, BC was produced by fermentation of Acetobacter xylinum 0416 and further analyzed to determine its physiochemical properties. The characterization of the BC was carried out through fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), pH, moisture content, compressibility index and swelling properties. Then, it was compared with plant-based cellulose products which are carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and cellulose powder (CP). FTIR analysis demonstrated the similar properties between BC, CMC and CP while FESEM depicted a smoother surface and nanostructure of the BC. The TGA analysis indicated that BC has the highest thermal stability compared to CMC and CP. The other characterization results showed that BC displayed promising properties compared to CMC and CP. These findings further support the potential of substituting the use of plant-based cellulose products in the market with BC produced by A. xylinum 0416.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bacterial cellulose, FTIR
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:77453
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Jun 2018 06:25
Last Modified:30 Jun 2018 06:25

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