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Evaluation of mechanical, morphological, and biodegradable properties of hybrid natural fiber polymer nanocomposites

Islam, M. S. and Talib, Z. A. and Hasan, M. and Ramli, I. and Haafiz, M. K. M. and Jawaid, M. and Islam, A. and Inuwa, I. M. (2017) Evaluation of mechanical, morphological, and biodegradable properties of hybrid natural fiber polymer nanocomposites. Polymer Composites, 38 (3). pp. 583-587. ISSN 0272-8397

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Abstract

Hybrid natural fiber polymer nanocomposites were prepared using various natural fibers (kenaf, coir, and wood), polypropylene, and montmorillonite nanoclay through the hot compression method. The effects of fiber hybridization and nanoclay content on the physico-mechanical and biodegradable properties of the synthesized composites were investigated. Fourier-transform infrared and scanning electron microscopic analyses indicated that the structure and surface morphology of composites were transformed after fiber hybridization and the subsequent nanoclay incorporation. X-ray diffraction pattern revealed that the percent crystallinity of hybrid nanocomposites significantly increased. Furthermore, the tensile strength and tensile modulus also significantly improved for the hybrid nanocomposites due to the addition of montmorillonite nanoclay. The biodegradability and water absorption tests were conducted. The results show that biodegradability of the nanocomposites decreased and water absorption increased due to the addition of montmorillonite nanoclay. POLYM. COMPOS., 38:583–587, 2017. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fibers, Kenaf fibers
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:77050
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:30 Apr 2018 22:36
Last Modified:30 Apr 2018 22:36

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