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Barrier, biodegradation, and mechanical properties of (rice husk)/(Montmorillonite) hybrid filler-filled low-density polyethylene nanocomposite films

Majeed, K. and Hassan, A. and Abu Bakar, A. (2017) Barrier, biodegradation, and mechanical properties of (rice husk)/(Montmorillonite) hybrid filler-filled low-density polyethylene nanocomposite films. Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, 23 (3). pp. 162-171. ISSN 1083-5601

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Abstract

Rice husk (RH)/montmorillonite (MMT) hybrid filler-filled low-density polyethylene nanocomposite films were prepared by extrusion blown film. RH was used as a biodegradable filler in various concentrations (2, 5, and 7 parts per hundred composite), while the amount of MMT was held constant at 2 wt%. Delamination of MMT platelets and distribution of RH were investigated by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Diffractograms revealed the formation of intercalated structures, regardless of the RH content. Barrier properties revealed that MMT platelets have the potential to retard the diffusion of permeating molecules while, on the other hand, barrier efficiency of MMT is balanced by the subsequent incorporation of RH in RH/MMT hybrid filler-filled composite films. Despite an increase in permeability, the selectivity ratio (CO2/O2 permeability) increased with increasing RH contents in the hybrid filler-filled composite films showing the potential of these films in the development of modified atmosphere for fresh fruits and vegetables. The colonization of fungus and formation of holes as observed in micrographs of the test samples subjected to soil burial revealed that the biodegradation rate increased with the incorporation of RH in the hybrid composites. The composite films with higher contents of RH in hybrid filler are also more biodegradable than those having lower contents. Addition of RH contents in the hybrid filler increased the tensile modulus, while decreasing the tensile and tear strength. Addition of RH in the hybrid filler increased the melting and crystallization temperatures of the resulting nanocomposite films as well.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microbiology, Nanocomposite films
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:76671
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:30 Apr 2018 21:48
Last Modified:30 Apr 2018 21:48

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