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Adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue using high surface area titanate nanotubes (TNT) synthesized via hydrothermal method

Subramaniam, M. N. and Goh, P. S. and Abdullah, N. and Lau, W. J. and Ng, B. C. and Ismail, A. F. (2017) Adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue using high surface area titanate nanotubes (TNT) synthesized via hydrothermal method. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 19 (6). ISSN 1388-0764

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Abstract

Removal of methylene blue (MB) via adsorption and photocatalysis using titanate nanotubes (TNTs) with different surface areas were investigated and compared to commercial titanium dioxide (TiO2) P25 Degussa nanoparticles. The TNTs with surface area ranging from 20 m2/g to 200 m2/g were synthesized via hydrothermal method with different reaction times. TEM imaging confirmed the tubular structure of TNT while XRD spectra indicated all TNTs exhibited anatase crystallinity. Batch adsorption rate showed linearity with surface properties of TNTs, where materials with higher surface area showed higher adsorption rate. The highest MB adsorption (70%) was achieved by TNT24 in 60 min whereas commercial TiO2 exhibited the lowest adsorption of only 10% after 240 min. Adsorption isotherm studies indicated that adsorption using TNT is better fitted into Langmuir adsorption isotherm than Freundlich isotherm model. Furthermore, TNT24 was able to perform up to 90% removal of MB within 120 min, demonstrating performance that is 2-fold better compared to commercial TiO2. The high surface area and surface Bronsted acidity are the main reasons for the improvement in MB removal performance exhibited by TNT24. The improvement in surface acidity enhanced the adsorption properties of all the nanotubes prepared in this study.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Photocatalysis, Titanate nanotubes
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:76518
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:30 Apr 2018 21:29
Last Modified:30 Apr 2018 21:29

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