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Characteristics of softwood and hardwood pyrolysis in an ampoule reactor

Asmadi, M. and Kawamoto, H. and Saka, S. (2017) Characteristics of softwood and hardwood pyrolysis in an ampoule reactor. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 124 . pp. 523-535. ISSN 0165-2370

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Abstract

Characteristics of softwood and hardwood pyrolysis were identified by using 10 wood species with different chemical compositions depending on their taxonomic group. Pyrolysis was conducted in closed ampoules under nitrogen in a muffle furnace at 600��C for 40�s (459��C), 80�s (569��C), 120�s (590��C) and 600�s (600��C) (where the value in parenthesis is the final temperature). The pyrolysis results are explained according to primary pyrolysis (PP; 40�s) and secondary reaction (SR; 40–600�s) stages. Hardwoods formed more volatiles (tar) instead of char in the PP stage, and the char reactivities were greater than those of the softwoods in the SR stage. The tar-to-gas conversion rates in the SR stage were smaller for the hardwoods, most likely because of the higher contents of acetic acid with low gasification reactivity. Significant coking occurred for the hardwood-derived tar by removing minerals, which competed with tar gasification. The influences of minerals are discussed with metal uronate and uronic acid in hemicellulose, which may act as base and acid catalysts, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Softwood, Uronic acid role
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:76419
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:31 May 2018 17:20
Last Modified:31 May 2018 17:20

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