Non-destructive, laser-based individual tree aboveground biomass estimation in a tropical rainforest

Rahman, M. Z. A. and Bakar, M. A. A. and Razak, K. A. and Rasib, A. W. and Kanniah, K. D. and Kadir, W. H. W. and Omar, H. and Faidi, A. and Kassim, A. R. and Latif, Z. A. (2017) Non-destructive, laser-based individual tree aboveground biomass estimation in a tropical rainforest. Forests, 8 (3). ISSN 1999-4907


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Recent methods for detailed and accurate biomass and carbon stock estimation of forests have been driven by advances in remote sensing technology. The conventional approach to biomass estimation heavily relies on the tree species and site-specific allometric equations, which are based on destructive methods. This paper introduces a non-destructive, laser-based approach (terrestrial laser scanner) for individual tree aboveground biomass estimation in the Royal Belum forest reserve, Perak, Malaysia. The study area is in the state park, and it is believed to be one of the oldest rainforests in the world. The point clouds generated for 35 forest plots, using the terrestrial laser scanner, were geo-rectified and cleaned to produce separate point clouds for individual trees. The volumes of tree trunks were estimated based on a cylinder model fitted to the point clouds. The biomasses of tree trunks were calculated by multiplying the volume and the species wood density. The biomasses of branches and leaves were also estimated based on the estimated volume and density values. Branch and leaf volumes were estimated based on the fitted point clouds using an alpha-shape approach. The estimated individual biomass and the total above ground biomass were compared with the aboveground biomass (AGB) value estimated using existing allometric equations and individual tree census data collected in the field. The results show that the combination of a simple single-tree stem reconstruction and wood density can be used to estimate stem biomass comparable to the results usually obtained through existing allometric equations. However, there are several issues associated with the data and method used for branch and leaf biomass estimations, which need further improvement.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:remote sensing technology, biomass estimation
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G70.39-70.6 Remote sensing
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:76185
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:25 Jun 2018 17:06
Last Modified:25 Jun 2018 17:06

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