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Evaluation of treated and untreated sludge from yarn processing factory as adsorbent candidates for dye removal

Zaini, M. A. A. and Jusoh, N. (2017) Evaluation of treated and untreated sludge from yarn processing factory as adsorbent candidates for dye removal. Chiang Mai Journal of Science, 44 (2). pp. 508-517. ISSN 0125-2526

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Abstract

This work was aimed to evaluate the adsorptive characteristics of yarn sludge for methylene blue removal. The sludge was chemically treated using H3PO4, HCl and KOH, while the untreated sludge was also employed for reference. The adsorbents were characterized by specific surface area and surface functional groups. Methylene blue adsorption was carried out at room temperature, and the adsorption data were analyzed using isotherm and kinetics models. The equilibrium data could be well described using Langmuir model, indicating that the adsorption is monolayer in nature. The kinetics data are fitted to both pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models. Results show that the maximum removal of methylene blue was observed to have the following order: untreated > KOH-treated > HCl-treated > H3PO4-treated. The maximum adsorption capacity for untreated yarn sludge was found to be 279mg/g. Results also indicate that the sludge could be used as effective adsorbent for methylene blue dye removal.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:yarn sludge, adsorbents
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:75914
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 May 2018 12:09
Last Modified:30 May 2018 12:09

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