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Effectiveness of granular activated carbon for removal of sulfamethoxazole during ozonation

Akhtar, J. and Amin, N. S. and Hayyat, U. (2017) Effectiveness of granular activated carbon for removal of sulfamethoxazole during ozonation. Chiang Mai Journal of Science, 44 (3). pp. 1040-1048. ISSN 0125-2526

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Abstract

Initial experiments were performed to screen a suitable catalyst for catalytic ozonation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX). Among catalysts investigated such as CeO2, MnO2, CeO2/MnO2, and GAC. The GAC catalyst was found appropriate for further study because it adsorbed more SMX from solution and gave higher mineralization of water matrix comparatively. Further experiments were conducted to study the effect of initial concentration of SMX/COD, pH of solution, and water matrix types for removal of SMX in O3/GAC combination. Results described that degree of mineralization was higher in dilute solution of SMX (150 mg/L of initial COD value) compared to higher concentrations (250 mg/L, 340 mg/L of initial COD). The rate of COD removal increased as a function of initial pH of solution but the effect of pH of solution was minimal for pH values >7. The effect of water matrix types was minimal on removal of SMX. However, rates of removal of COD were slightly higher in case of deionized water compared to lake water and synthetic water matrix. With addition of tert-butyl alcohol in selected runs showed that O3/SMX reactions contributed much more than OH/SMX reactions in decreasing concentration of SMX in solution. The consumption of ozone was increased considerably at higher pH values.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:catalytic ozonation, water matrix
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:75912
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 May 2018 12:09
Last Modified:30 May 2018 12:09

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