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The influence of small urban parks characteristics on bird diversity: a case study of Petaling Jaya, Malaysia

Jasmani, Z. and Ravn, H. P. and van den Bosch, C. C. K. (2017) The influence of small urban parks characteristics on bird diversity: a case study of Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Urban Ecosystems, 20 (1). pp. 227-243. ISSN 1083-8155

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Abstract

The capacity of small urban park to serve as urban habitats are rarely explored. This study analyses the characteristics of small urban parks and their potential to support urban biodiversity and ecological functions. Nine small urban parks were studied in Malaysia in August and September 2014 using the combined field survey method of structured observation and field measurements. The measured variables were divided into three broad categories of physical characteristics, species richness and human factors. Bird species richness and abundance were used as the indicators for assessing biodiversity. Pearson correlations and multiple regressions were conducted to analyse the relationships between variables and to identify which variables had a significant effect on bird species richness and abundance. The results demonstrated that park area and vegetation variables (e.g. the percentage of tree canopy cover, open grass/ground, native-exotic plants) are the important predictors of bird species richness and abundance. The percentage of canopy covers (negative relation) and park area (positive relation) are the best predictors of bird species richness in small urban parks. Meanwhile, the best predictors for bird abundance are the percentage of canopy covers (negative relation) and native vegetation species (positive relation). Human activities and park surroundings have a marginal effect on the presence of bird species in small parks. Based on the findings, we provide two general recommendations that could probably increase bird diversity in small urban parks: (1) the park development and management plan should incorporate a social-ecological approach that can benefit both city-dwellers and bird species, and (2) findings from the study should be used to rethink the planting design and composition of especially newly established small urban parks.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biodiversity, Human disturbance, Socio-ecological approach, Urban birds, Urban green space
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT101-395 Sociology, Urban
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:75550
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:15 Apr 2018 16:03
Last Modified:15 Apr 2018 16:03

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