Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectroscopy

Abd Mutalib, M. and Rahman, M. A. and Othman, M. H. D. and Ismail, A. F. and Jaafar, J. (2017) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. In: Membrane Characterization. Elsevier Inc., pp. 161-179. ISBN 978-044463776-5

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The performance of ceramic, polymeric, and carbon membranes is commonly associated with the membrane surface and cross-sectional morphology. Thus, a proper characterization on the membrane structures is crucial for the development of commercial membranes. Therefore, in this chapter, three important morphological characterization techniques, which are scanning electron microscopy (SEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy will be discussed in detail. At the beginning part of the chapter, the operation principle of SEM, FESEM, and EDX will be established. Qualitative and quantitative findings that can be obtained from SEM, FESEM, and EDX will be addressed by giving several structure types that are normally found in ceramic, polymeric, and carbon membranes as examples. The chapter concludes by discussing the advantages and disadvantages of using SEM, FESEM, and EDX as main membrane analyses.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Electron, Microscopy and energy dispersive, Scanning, X-ray spectroscopy
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:74792
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:28 Nov 2017 16:38
Last Modified:28 Nov 2017 16:38

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