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The role of wetlands in mitigating the effect of climate change in Nigeria

Medugu, N. I. (2015) The role of wetlands in mitigating the effect of climate change in Nigeria. In: Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 551-564. ISBN 978-364238670-1

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This chapter reviews the place of wetlands in climate change within the overall frame of environmental resource planning. This is against the background of the importance of wetlands as environmental resources which have been described as the kidneys of the landscape as a result of its hydrological and chemical functions and as atmospheric carbon sinks which stabilize the climate. The study reviewed mitigating and adapting measures in literatures that may be adopted in Nigeria in order to enhance the potentials of wetland resources in the country. The chapter asserts that the declining environmental resource base of the country is mainly due to anthropogenic influences because wetlands in Nigeria are largely exploited for economic gains and are basically used for subsistence living or for physical development. Statistical data from the government shows that 60 % of Nigerian population depend solely on the natural resource base and are engaged in farming, cattle rearing, and fishing. This chapter provides measures which include restoration programs, reduction of further disturbance on wetlands, and legislative and policy formulations for protecting wetlands which are considered appropriate and can contribute greatly in mitigating climate change when properly harnessed as a way forward toward climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adaptive planning, Climate change, Developing countries, Nigeria, Resource conservation, Wetlands
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:74751
Deposited By: Haliza Zainal
Deposited On:26 Nov 2017 07:33
Last Modified:26 Nov 2017 07:33

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