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Performance evaluation of palm oil-based biodiesel combustion in an oil burner

Ganjehkaviri, Abdolsaeid and Mohd. Jaafar, Mohammad Nazri and Hosseini, Seyed Ehsan and Musthafa, Anas Basri (2016) Performance evaluation of palm oil-based biodiesel combustion in an oil burner. Energies, 9 (2). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1073

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Abstract

This paper presents an experimental investigation of the combustion characteristics of palm methyl ester (PME), also known as palm oil-based biodiesel, in an oil burner system. The performance of conventional diesel fuel (CDF) and various percentages of diesel blended with palm oil-based biodiesel is also studied to evaluate their performance. The performance of the various fuels is evaluated based on the temperature profile of the combustor's wall and emissions, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon monoxide (CO). The combustion experiments were conducted using three different oil burner nozzles (1.25, 1.50 and 1.75 USgal/h) under lean (equivalence ratio (φ) = 0.8), stoichiometric (φ = 1) and rich fuel (φ = 1.2) ratio conditions. The results show that the rate of emission formation decreases as the volume percent of palm biodiesel in a blend increases. PME combustion tests present a lower temperature inside the chamber compared to CDF combustion. High rates of NOx formation occur under lean mixture conditions with the presence of high nitrogen and sufficient temperature, whereas high CO occurs for rich mixtures with low oxygen presence.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biodiesel, Carbon, Carbon monoxide, Combustion, Combustors, Diesel fuels, Fuels, Mixtures, Nitrogen oxides, Oil burners, Oil shale, Combustion characteristics, Combustion experiments, Equivalence ratios, Experimental investigations, Lower temperatures, Palm biodiesels, Palm methyl esters, Temperature profiles, Palm oil
Subjects:T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:74204
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:28 Nov 2017 13:01
Last Modified:28 Nov 2017 13:01

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