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Formation of carbonated apatite layer in 1.5× simulated body fluid at different refreshing time

Tajudin, M. H. M. and Tapsir, Z. and Ismail, L. H. and Saidin, S. (2016) Formation of carbonated apatite layer in 1.5× simulated body fluid at different refreshing time. In: 6th International Conference on Key Engineering Materials, ICKEM 2016, 12 - 14 March 2016, Hong Kong.

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Bioactivity analysis in simulated body fluid (SBF) is an experiment or protocol conducted to evaluate the bioactive properties of a sample without involving cells. The bioactive property is claimed based on the formation of apatite layer after immersion in SBF. This analysis consumes expensive chemical reagents and requires complex procedure in preparing and refreshing the solution. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify significant alteration of refreshing time in the 1.5× SBF to form an apatite layer on a polydopamine (PDA) grafted stainless steel (SS316L) disk. The SS316L disks were pre-treated and grafted with a PDA layer to equip the bioinert metal surface with a bioactive film. The PDA grafted disks were subjected to bioactivity analysis in SBF for 7 days at different refreshing time (24 h, 48 h, 72 h and not refreshed up to 7 d). The surfaces were then characterised by FTIR, SEM-EDX, and contact angle analyses to determine its chemical composition, morphology and wettability properties. The PDA grafted disks that been subjected to 48 h refreshing time in SBF produced homogenous apatite formation with less agglomeration, closest theoretical Ca/P ratio and high hydrophilicity, suggesting the formation of preferable apatite layer with a reduction in the number of refreshing time.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bioactivity Analysis, Carbonated Apatite, Polydopamine, Simulated Body Fluid
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:73507
Deposited By: Mohd Zulaihi Zainudin
Deposited On:20 Nov 2017 16:42
Last Modified:20 Nov 2017 16:42

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